If interested in any of the publications or links on this webpage that provide national and international examples, please contact RIKILLC by emailing

1)  These are national examples of the ECPQIM/DMLMA approach (#8).   The following national publications are from the Office of Head Start (OHS), Office of Child Care (OCC), Administration for Children and Families (ACF),  Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), and Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE); U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).  They provide excellent examples of differential monitoring and the implications of its use:

2)  Listed below are links to examples of differential monitoring, risk assessment and key indicator methodologies from NARA – National Association for Regulatory Administration.   For the future, NARA will be the repository of all my research papers, all future research papers and reports as well as maintaining a blog on differential monitoring, risk assessment and key indicators (Please go to the following URL to see the other reports (


Brochure and Webpage:

Flyer, PPT, and Audio Presentation:

Key Indicator, Risk Assessment, Coaching and Monitoring Paradigm Examples:

Presentations and Webinars:

3)  The key indicator methodology has been applied and is being used with the National Early Childhood Program Accreditation (NECPA).  Here are links to their website describing its standards and research validating the approach:

4)  The National Head Start Association’s Monitoring Task Force in their 2012 and 2016 Reports on Monitoring highlighted examples of Differential Monitoring, Risk Assessment, and Key Indicator Systems:

5)  The American Academy of Pediatrics have published two documents in their Journal of Pediatrics on early care and education quality recommendations:

6)  Child Care Aware has developed and disseminated a Checklist for parents based upon the 13 Indicators of Quality Child Care and have used the 13 Indicators in their We Can Do Better Reports:

Child Care Aware has started a new series of reports on Licensing utilizing Caring for Our Children Basics which is a brilliant approach to measuring health, safety and best practices nationally.  I applaud them for doing this.  This new series builds upon their We Can Do Better reports.  Here is the first report published in 2017.

7)  Here is a state example from Washington State’s Department of Children, Youth, and Families that has national implications because it provides a template/bluepri nt that all states and jurisdictions could use in their respective agencies related to licensing and quality monitoring of programs: 

NARA WA IMG_2019-06-26_06-44-13

Dr Fiene in Seattle and Olympia having discussions with Washington State Staff regarding the data collection and design of the data base for the validation studies to be completed on differential monitoring and weighted risk assessment this year and next (2019-2020)

7a)  Here is an innovative approach undertaken in Minnesota to modernize their family child care home delivery system.  The Task Force Report and the proposed legislation are highlighted:

7b)  Powerpoint presentations on Canadian Key Indicator Systems and the State of Washington done by provincial and state staff:

7c)  The Saskatchewan Papers, Reports and PPS:

8)  Here is a child abuse prevention program iLookOut from the Penn State College of Medicine (Dr Benjamin Levi, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator), Department of Humanities and the Center for the Protection of Children that has national implications because of its unique and innovative online training protocol.  The following documents describe the program:

8a)  Another very unique online coaching approach developed by Penn State’s Better Kid Care for use with early care and education teachers.  The Coaching Manual and an Evaluation of the approach are provided here:

9)  In various RIKI Blog Posts, there are Technical Research Notes which help to update the Theory of Regulatory Compliance, the Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement and Indicator Model, Differential Monitoring, Key Indicator, and Risk Assessment Methodologies.  These Technical Research Notes should be helpful for national and international licensing researchers to have those research notes in one location.  The following three compilations do just that.

9a)  Here are some international examples of the Theory of Regulatory Compliance being used in other industries beyond the scope of human services:

10)  And lastly, here is an international example with the cruise industry where child care occurs on their cruise ships.  This resulted from a project with Royal Caribbean in helping to develop standards for their youth activity programs.  The staff of Royal Caribbean showed a great deal of flexibility and creativity in utilizing the key indicator and risk assessment methodologies in developing the standards:

And a real honor to be included in the Exchange Leadership Initiative with such icons of the ECE field: Bettye Caldwell, Janet Gonzalez-Mena, Ellen Galinsky, Carol Brunson-Day, Sue Bredekamp, Barbara Taylor Bowman, Paula Jorde Bloom, Alice Honig, Lillian Katz, Ed Zigler, Ron Lally, and Larry Schweinhart.