If interested in any of the publications or links on this webpage, please contact RIKILLC by emailing

1)  These are national examples of the ECPQIM/DMLMA approach (#8).   The following national publications are from the Office of Head Start (OHS), Office of Child Care (OCC), Administration for Children and Families (ACF),  Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), and Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE); U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA):



2)  Listed below are links to examples of differential monitoring, risk assessment and key indicator methodologies from NARA – National Association for Regulatory Administration.   For the future, NARA will be the repository of all my research papers, all future research papers and reports as well as maintaining a blog on differential monitoring, risk assessment and key indicators.


Brochure and Webpage:

Flyer, PPT, and Audio Presentation:

Key Indicator, Risk Assessment, Coaching and Monitoring Paradigm Examples:

Presentations and Webinars:

3)  The key indicator methodology has been applied and is being used with the National Early Childhood Program Accreditation (NECPA).  Here are links to their website describing its standards and research validating the approach:

4)  The National Head Start Association’s Monitoring Task Force in their 2012 and 2016 Reports on Monitoring highlighted examples of Differential Monitoring, Risk Assessment, and Key Indicator Systems:

5)  The American Academy of Pediatrics have published two documents in their Journal of Pediatrics on early care and education quality recommendations:

6)  Child Care Aware has developed and disseminated a Checklist for parents based upon the 13 Indicators of Quality Child Care and have used the 13 Indicators in their We Can Do Better Reports:

7)  Here is a state example from Washington State’s Department of Children, Youth, and Families that has national implications because it provides a template/blueprint that all states and jurisdictions could use in their respective agencies related to licensing and quality monitoring of programs: 

8)  And lastly, here is an international example with the cruise industry where child care occurs on their cruise ships.  This resulted from a project with Royal Caribbean in helping to develop standards for their youth activity programs.  The staff of Royal Caribbean showed a great deal of flexibility and creativity in utilizing the key indicator and risk assessment methodologies in developing the standards: