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The following brief document and powerpoint slides present the latest information in summary format on the Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement/Indicator Model and the Differential Monitoring Logic Model and Algorithm (ECPQIM/DMLMA(ECPQI2M 2016)(ECPQIM Fiene 2019 2nd Edition)) (#1/2/5/9):

  1.  ECPQIM/DMLMA Brief Collection of Readings: (RJF1A).  This document contains the original 2013 paper and the updated 2015 paper describing ECPQIM/DMLMA along with examples of reports and other supporting papers for the model. (#1/2)
  2. ECPQIM Listing of Publications by Content Area: (ECPQIM PUBLICATIONS) (#1/2)
  3. ECPQIM/DMLMA Powerpoint Presentation with Notations: (PPT135+ NARA-RIKIN).  This powerpoint contains an overview to the ECPQIM/DMLMA model.  Here is the presentation from YouTube.  (#1/2)
  4. This graphic  (Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement/Indicator Model (ECPQI2M4) & Differential Monitoring Logic Model and Algorithm (DMLMA) Update) summarizes the latest research on ECPQIM/DMLMA (Fiene, 2015a). (#1/2)
  5. This graphic (Relationship of Comprehensive Reviews (CR) to Key Indicator (KI) or Risk Assessment (RA) Rule Non-Compliance) depicts the relationship amongst comprehensive instruments and key indicators & risk assessment tools (Fiene, 2015b).  (#1/2)
  6. And here is a Seminar Presentation (The Intersection of Translational Research and Implementation Science: An Early Childhood Predictive Analytic Model (ECPQIM4)(Abstract)(Video of the Presentation) Dr Fiene did in 2015 at the Prevention Research Center, Penn State University describing ECPQIM/DMLMA (Fiene, 2015c).  (#1/2)  In 2017, NARA – National Association for Regulatory Administration hosted a webinar in which Dr Fiene presented the dominant Regulatory Compliance Monitoring Paradigms (Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center Annoucement).  This presentation builds upon and extends the PRC Seminar presentation.
  7. Powerpoint presentation done as a NARA Webinar (Key Indicators: Regulatory Compliance Monitoring Paradigms)(Regulatory Compliance Monitoring Paradigms Webinar Slides). 
  8. One of the original papers (The Instrument Based Program Monitoring Information System and Indicator Checklist for Child Care) describing ECPQIM, differential monitoring, licensing key indicators and the risk assessment methodologies. (#2)
  9. A Treatise on Theory of Regulatory Compliance, ECPQIM, Licensing Validation Framework, and Key Indicator, Risk Assessment, Differential Monitoring Methodologies (TRC ECPQIM VAL DM).
  10. An article utilizing the Theory of Regulatory Compliance in the economic field of finance (Academic Journal of Economic Studies).

NARA: National Association for Regulatory Administration will be offering a course online covering licensing measurement and program monitoring systems.

There are two national initiatives which demonstrate specific outcomes of the ECPQIM/DMLMA approach:  Caring for Our Children Basics and Head Start Key Indicators.  The following national publications (OHS, OCC, ACF, ASPE), powerpoint presentations, and webinars provide information about these programs/initiatives based upon differential monitoring, risk assessment and key indicator methodologies.

An article Dr Fiene wrote for Child Care Information Exchange about 20 years ago which might get a bit more traction today then it did back in the 1990’s when not as many quality funds were available to states.  It would be interesting to see this idea pilot tested in a state or two.  The “trilemma” still exists today as it did 20 years ago, so let’s think outside the box and see if creative public policies can have some impact on this continuing problem.  Here is a pdf of that article Dr Fiene wrote:  Solution to the Child Care Trilemma of Accessibility, Affordability and Quality.  The ideas in this article combine several components/elements that Dr Fiene has advocated for from his ECPQIM Paradigm (Fiene, 1971, 1985, 2013, 2015).

These are a series of ECE Quality Studies completed in Pennsylvania from 1996 – 2011 which demonstrate the impact that public policies can have on overall quality of programs:

  • The 1996 Study – Professional Development, Training System.
  • The 2002 Study – All Early Childhood Settings, Head Start, Preschool, etc.            (2002-q-quality_study_final)
  • The 2006 Study – Keystone Stars – PA Quality Rating & Improvement System.      (2006-q-keystone_stars_evaluation)
  • The 2011 Study – Subsidy System, TEACH, Keystone Stars. (2011-crp-report)

More detailed evaluations of quality locally in Pennsylvania, family child care, child care and Head Start.

QRIS ToolKit and Compendium of Measures for use within ECE/QRIS systems:

An article and comprehensive data base for the Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement and Indicator Model (ECPQIM) Dr Fiene has been suggesting to use as a systems approach for monitoring and evaluating early care and education programs.

The theory, model and methodologies presented in five papers written between 2013 and 2019 give the overall thinking and detailed algorithms for differential monitoring and regulatory compliance:


Based upon the ECPQIM, the Ministry of Education in the Province of Saskatchewan is developing a program quality tool based upon key indicator methodology.  This is a very exciting development in that it is a practical application of the ECPQIM through the use of an assessment tool.  The tool has 15 key indicators from professional development, curriculum/developmental assessments, family engagement, interactions, environment, and health & safety.   It balances compliance with program quality.  Below is a draft of the tool:


Two papers that highlight where program monitoring started back in the 1970’s – 1980’s and where it is today in 2020.  Many things have changed in 40 years but certain basic concepts and principles have not:

These reports give examples of professional development, training system evaluations as well as particular approaches (mentoring, coaching), and the Institute (CAECTI) responsible for developing and completing them:

Here is space for manuscripts/documents Dr Fiene is working on with others and will take a bit of time before they are finalized and published:

Manuscripts in press:

For additional information regarding ECPQIM/DMLMA with examples, please see the following:  ECPQIM-DMLMA Examples