Three RIKI Technical Research Notes for Scientists, ECPQIM Data Distributions, and Principles of Regulatory Compliance Measurement

Listed in this RIKINotes blog are three RIKIllc Technical Research Notes for psychological scientists (geared for all scientists considering research with regulatory compliance data)(1), ECPQI2M (Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement and Indicator Model) data distributions(2), and proposed principles of regulatory compliance measurement(3).  These three technical research notes help to further delineate the nuances and idiosyncrasies of regulatory compliance data, measurement, and analysis.

  1. ECPQIM Regulatory Compliance Methods and Practices for Scientists
  2. ECPQIM DB Data Distributions
  3. Principles of Regulatory Compliance Measurement


Posted in | Leave a comment

Economic Application Utilizing the Theory of Regulatory Compliance

Here is an article published in the Academic Journal of Economic Studies utilizing the Theory of Regulatory Compliance (Fiene, 2016; 2019).  The study appraises the quality of compliance upheld by selected Nigerian and Ghanaian manufacturing companies to minimum disclosure requirements of IFRS during financial reporting. Hence, it determines whether any significant difference exists in the compliance quality of the post IFRS Financial Statements prepared in Nigeria and Ghana in their first five years of IFRS adoption. It is an empirical study that is descriptively designed to pave room for the use of the content analysis scoring system as the core instrument for data collection.

The study recommends that a more robust regulatory oversight on companies’ full compliance to IFRS disclosure requirements be upheld towards achieving a commendable level of comparison in both countries’ IFRS Financial Statements as expected. More so, companies’ consistent full compliance to IFRS requirements should hence be adopted as one of the prerequisites for there continued listing by the Nigerian and Ghana Stock Exchanges.

Academic Journal of Economic Studies

Posted in | Leave a comment

Exchange Leadership Initiative & New Exchange Leaders Announced

The July-August 2019 Issue of the Child Care Exchange Magazine was just published and I have the distinct honor to be included as one of the new Exchange Leaders announced in this edition of the magazine.  I feel humbled to be included with such a wonderful group of ECE professionals who are doing great work with young children.

Attached is the article that appeared in the magazine announcing the new Exchange Leaders:

Exchange Leadership Initiative Article


Posted in | Leave a comment

A Theory of Early Childhood Outcomes

Attached is a technical research note/abstract (RIKInote #75) on proposing a theory of early childhood outcomes based upon the combined impacts of professional development, program quality, and regulatory compliance.  This is an attempt to combine these major systems into a single unified equation in determining their relative weights for early childhood outcomes.  This is a controversial proposal but one based upon 50 years of research and empirical evidence, all taken from the Research Institute for Key Indicators’ Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement and Indicators Model data base.

TECO Fiene July 2019a


Posted in | Leave a comment

Capital Area Early Childhood Training Institute Reunion

We had a wonderful reunion of many of the staff and faculty from Penn State CAECTI – Capital Area Early Childhood Training Institute.  It was wonderful seeing everyone again.  Here is a picture from the reunion.

CAECTI 20190621_222031


Posted in | Leave a comment

Preparation for Washington State’s Validation Study Kick Off Meetings Next Week

I am in the midst of preparing to fly to Seattle next week to be part of the Washington State’s Validation Study Kick Off (NARA WA Validation) meetings in Olympia.  This is a really big deal in early care and education licensing because the state is expanding the use of weighted risk assessment in making licensing decisions.  In the past, weighted risk assessment has been used for making determinations about individual rules or regulations and about the frequency of monitoring visits.  Washington state’s licensing office has always been at the forefront of monitoring innovations in being one of the first states to utilize licensing key indicators which has been part of their overall differential/abbreviated monitoring for many years now.   According to my records, they have the longest running use of licensing key indicators than any other state or province.

Washington has been working with the National Association for Regulatory Administration on their weighted risk assessment project for the past couple of years and the next 1-2 years will be devoted to validating their approaches.  The interested reader can find out more details about Washington’s Research Agenda by going to  I will also be providing updates over the next couple of weeks during my time in Seattle and Olympia.  This is another major step in moving the regulatory science field forward when it comes to regulatory compliance, licensing measurement, and differential monitoring systems.

An interesting discussion during my time in Washington (RAM1)(NARA WA Validation PPT).

NARA WA IMG_2019-06-26_06-44-13



Posted in | Leave a comment

iLookOut to appear in the Journal of Early Child Development and Care

A description of the iLookOut Program for Child Abuse Prevention will appear in the Journal of Early Child Development and Care.

It was published online yesterday, June 7, 2019.  Below is the journal eprint.

Ilookout for child abuse conceptual and practical considerations in creating an online learning programme to engage learners and promote behaviour 


Posted in | Leave a comment

News from the Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center at Penn State

Here is the latest news (May 23, 2019) from the Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center at Penn State University highlighting events, faculty, staff, students, and affiliates.

News and Updates from PRC Faculty, Staff, Students and Affiliates


Posted in | Leave a comment

Exchange Leadership Initiative

I got this wonderful news today, it is truly an honor to be included:

Dear Rick,

Congratulations – you have been chosen to be an Exchange Leader.  You will be included in the article featuring our newest Exchange Leaders in the July/August issue of Exchange magazine. 

The Exchange Leadership Initiative (ELI) launched in November 2014, with the intention of making leadership more visible in the field of Early Care and Education.  Our early childhood field has strong leaders who accomplish the important work of educating young children, as well as supporting and advocating for children, their families, and their communities.  Exchange Leaders are everywhere, doing powerful work in their communities, regions and across the world. 

You are joining the more than 300 current Exchange Leaders.  Your passion for the field and your commitment and perseverance over the years is important to the work we all do.  I welcome you and look forward to working with you.


Pam Boulton, Ed.D.

Coordinator, Exchange Leadership Initiative


Posted in | Leave a comment

Journal of Regulatory Science: A Treatise on Regulatory Compliance

The Journal of Regulatory Science is publishing “A Treatise on the Theory of Regulatory Compliance (Fiene TRC JRS 7 2019)” this month (Volume 7)(  This article presents the latest research and thinking in how this theory impacts regulatory science and compliance within social and economic regulations.  Here is the link to the Journal of Regulatory Science, look under Policy Commentaries:

Journal of Regulatory Science, Volume 7(1)

or just go directly to the article



Dr Richard Fiene, Research Psychologist and Professor of Psychology (ret) at Penn State University is generally regarded as the leading international researcher/scholar on licensing measurement and differential monitoring systems. His theory of regulatory compliance has altered regulatory science and licensing measurement dramatically in thinking about how best to monitor and assess licensing rules and regulations.
Dr Fiene’s measurement and monitoring methodologies have led to targeted or abbreviated inspections in all aspects of human service licensing thru risk assessment, key indicators and differential monitoring approaches. He has maintained an international data base on regulatory compliance for the past 40 years which is housed at the Research Institute for Key Indicators (RIKIllc) and the Pennsylvania State University and has led to the development of statistical techniques for dealing with highly skewed, non-parametric data distributions. His research has led to the following: identification of herding behavior of two year olds, national early care and education quality indicators, mathematical model for determining adult child ratio compliance, Solution to the Trilemma in Child Care Delivery Services, Stepping Stones to Caring for Our Children, Online coaching as a learning platform, Validation framework for licensing systems, and an Early Childhood Program Quality Improvement Model.
He has written extensively on regulatory compliance in the human services and his research has been disseminated all over the world via his website ( He presently directs the Research Institute for Key Indicators and is a senior research consultant with the National Association for Regulatory Administration, and is an Affiliate Professor with the Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Consultant to the College of Medicine at Penn State Hershey and the College of Ag. Sciences at Penn State University.
Posted in | Leave a comment